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Stars that died 2010

Monday, May 26, 2014

Anne Tyng, American architect, died she was 91.

Anne Griswold Tyng was an architect and professor. She is best known for having collaborated with Louis I. Kahn at his practice in Philadelphia died she was 91.. She served as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania for 27 years, following 29 years of collaboration with Kahn. She was a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, and Academician of the National Academy of Design.


(July 14, 1920 – December 27, 2011)

Youth

Tyng's parents, Ethel Atkinson (née Arens) and Walworth Tyng, were from a wealthy Boston family and were living as Episcopalian missionaries in China when Tyng was born in 1920, in Lushan, Jiangxi province.[1][2]
As a young woman, Tyng showed her developed sense of mathematics and design. The Tyng Toy, a construction set for children, illustrated her mastery of form. The Tyng Toy allowed a small selection of pieces to be combined into a wide variety of toys and pieces of furniture, ranging from a stool to a rocking horse.

Education

Tyng graduated from the architecture school at Harvard University in 1944. She was one of the first women to do so.[1] She was the only woman to enter the architecture licensing exam in 1949 and, at the test, one of the male proctors turned his back on her and refused to cooperate.[1]
She obtained her Ph.D at the University of Pennsylvania.

Work

Tyng was a theorist known for her pioneering work in space frame architecture and her passion for mathematics. Her Ph.D. thesis, titled Simultaneousness, Randomness and Order, continues the combination of these interests. She received a number of grants from the Graham Foundation for further investigation into this field.

Kahn connection


Anne Tyng with Louis Kahn, 1947
Tyng moved to Philadelphia and landed a job at Louis Kahn's architectural practice, Stonorov and Kahn, in 1945. Her fascination with complex geometrical shapes had a strong influence on several projects, such as the Trenton Bath House and the triangular ceiling of Yale Art Gallery.[1]
Many wonder at how her intimate relationship with Kahn affected his architecture. She is named in many sources as his partner and muse. For example, the concept for Kahn's famous "City Tower" design was largely Tyng's invention.[citation needed] After a seven-year relationship with Kahn she became pregnant and, because of the potential scandal, Tyng departed in the Autumn of 1953 for Rome.[1] During her year in Italy, where their daughter, Alexandra, was born, Kahn wrote weekly to Tyng.[3]
Aged 82, Anne Tyng appeared in Nathaniel Kahn's documentary My Architect discussing her insights into his work and her experience with Louis Kahn. Dr. Tyng returns to the building in which Kahn and Tyng first collaborated, the Trenton Bath House, for the first time since its completion,[4] finding it neglected and in disrepair. The building was completely renovated in 2009.[1]
Tyng's influence on Kahn's work was finally recognised, very late in her life. The Institute of Contemporary Art held a retrospective exhibition of her work in 2010.[1]



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