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Stars that died 2010

Thursday, December 5, 2013

Sócrates, Brazilian footballer, died from septic shock he was 57.


Sócrates Brasileiro Sampaio de Souza Vieira de Oliveira, MD , simply Sócrates, was a Brazilian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder died from septic shock he was 57..  He was also a qualified doctor.
He played for Botafogo-SP before joining Corinthians in 1978. He then moved to Italy to play for Fiorentina, returning to Brazil in 1985 to end his career.

(19 February 1954 – 4 December 2011)

Sócrates was a technical playmaker, known for great through passes and his vision on the field, as well as his physical strength. He was also a two-footed player and a prolific goal scorer. His ability to read the game was highly valued, and his signature move was the blind heel pass.[2] He was considered to be one of the greatest midfielders ever to play the game.[3] Easily recognizable for his beard and headband, he became the "symbol of cool for a whole generation of football supporters".[4]
Sócrates played for Brazil during seven years, scoring more than 20 goals and representing the nation in two World Cups, captaining the team in the 1982 edition; he also appeared in the 1979 and 1983 Copa América tournaments, and was named South American Footballer of the Year in 1983, being selected to Pelé's FIFA 100 list in 2004.

Playing career

Club career

Sócrates was born in Belém do Pará.[4] He began playing football professionally in 1974 for Botafogo-SP in his native Ribeirão Preto, but spent the majority of his career (1978 to 1984) with Corinthians, scoring 41 goals in 59 Série A games, and 172 goals in 297 matches in total.[5]
In 1984–85, aged 30, Sócrates had his first experience abroad, playing in Serie A with Fiorentina. He returned to his country after that sole season, representing Flamengo, Santos and former club Botafogo-SP, and retiring in 1989.[5]
In 2004, more than a decade after retiring, 50-year-old Sócrates agreed to a one month player-coaching deal with Garforth Town of the Northern Counties East Football League in England.[6] He made his only appearance for the club on 20 November, against Tadcaster Albion, coming on as a substitute twelve minutes from time.[7]

International career

Sócrates was capped 60 times for Brazil between May 1979 and June 1986, scoring 22 goals.[7] He captained the national team at the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and also appeared in the 1986 World Cup in Mexico.[5] In the latter edition, he scored twice, starting with the game's only goal against Spain in the group stage.[8] he added another in the round-of-16 4–0 win over Poland, shooting his penalty kick without running; in the following game, against France, he tried to convert it in the same fashion, but had his shootout attempt saved by goalkeeper Joël Bats.[9]
Sócrates also represented the country at the 1979 and 1983 Copa América tournaments. In the latter he appeared in only one game, the second leg of the final against Uruguay (1–1 home draw, 1–3 aggregate loss).[10]

Statistics

Club

[11][12][13]
Club performance League Cup Other Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Brazil League Copa do Brasil State League South America Total
1973 Botafogo-SP

0 0
1974

0 0
1975

0 0
1976 Série A 19 5
15 19 20
1977 16 9

16 9
1978 22 10 0 0 22 10
1978 Corinthians Série A 0 0
20 0 20
1979

0 0
1980 Série A 16 13

16 13
1981 1 1

1 1
1982 9 5

9 5
1983 20 15

20 15
1984 13 7

13 7
Italy League Coppa Italia Supercoppa Europe Total
1984–85 Fiorentina Serie A 25 6
1 4 2 29 9
Brazil League Copa do Brasil State League South America Total
1985 Flamengo Série A 0 0

0 0
1986 11 3

11 3
1987 0 0

0 0
1988 Santos Série A 5 2

0 0 5 2
1989 Botafogo-SP Série B 0 0

0 0
England League FA Cup FA Vase Europe Total
2004–05 Garforth Town NCEFL 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Total Brazil 132 70
35 0 0 132 105
Italy 25 6
1 4 2 29 9
England 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Career total 158 76
1 0 35 4 2 162 114

Brazil

[11]
Brazil national team
Year Apps Goals
1979 6 5
1980 8 2
1981 15 6
1982 9 4
1983 8 2
1984 0 0
1985 5 1
1986 9 2
Total 60 22

Honours

Botafogo-SP
Corinthians
Flamengo
Brazil
Individual

Personal life

Sócrates lived in Ribeirão Preto with his wife and six children. He was a columnist for a number of newspapers and magazines, writing not only about sports, but also politics and economics. He frequently appeared on Brazilian TV programmes as a football pundit. At the time of his death, Sócrates was writing a fiction book about the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[14]
Sócrates was a doctor of medicine, a rare achievement for a professional footballer (he was a graduate of the Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto).[15] Even rarer is the fact that he earned the degree while concurrently playing professional football. After retiring as a player he practised medicine at Ribeirão Preto.[4]
He was also noted for being an intellectual, a heavy drinker and a smoker.[9] His younger brother Raí was also a footballer and an attacking midfielder, being a member of the Brazilian team that won the World Cup in 1994, notably playing for São Paulo and for Paris Saint-Germain.[16][17][18]

Politics

During his time at Corinthians, Sócrates co-founded the Corinthians Democracy movement, in opposition to the then-ruling military government. Sócrates and his team mates protested against the regime's treatment of footballers, and showed support to the wider movement for democratisation, by wearing shirts with "Democracia" written on them during games.[19] Sócrates has stated that three of his childhood heroes were Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and John Lennon.[20] "Lula was good, he said, but earned a mere seven or so out of ten for how he had governed Brazil."[21]

Legacy and death

Pelé named Sócrates as one of the Top 125 Living Footballers in March 2004 and World Soccer named him one of 100 best footballers in history. In October 2008, he was inducted into the Pacaembu Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame.
On 19 August 2011, Sócrates was admitted to intensive care in the Albert Einstein Hospital in São Paulo with gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to portal hypertension and was discharged nine days later.[22] The following month he spent 17 days in hospital with a liver ailment.[23] On 1 December 2011, he was hospitalised with food poisoning which developed into septic shock and he was put on life-support.[24] He died on 4 December 2011 at the age of 57.[25] He was survived by his wife and six children.[26]
President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, paid tribute, saying Brazil had lost "one of its most cherished sons". "On the field, with his talent and sophisticated touches, he was a genius. Off the field... he was active politically, concerned with his people and his country."[3]
Corinthians fans held up signs in tribute and there was a moment of silence before the team's match against Palmeiras (a 0–0 draw which secured Corinthians their first Brazilian title for six years).[3] Fiorentina held a minute's silence before their league match against Roma, and the players wore black armbands in tribute.[3]
Former Brazil striker Ronaldo tweeted: "Sad start to the day. Rest in peace Dr. Socrates."[3] Zico called him "unique".[3] Italy's Paolo Rossi described the death as "a piece of our history that's broken off and gone away".[3] Garforth chairman Simon Clifford paid tribute to the "great grace" of Sócrates.[1]

Myths

There is a persistent myth that Sócrates studied medicine in Dublin, Ireland, and that during this time he played reserve football for University College Dublin The rumour gained some credibility following articles in several newspapers apparently confirming it, in one case even citing a confirmation by a named source within the Football Association of Ireland.[27][28] The story is, however, untrue, and has been debunked in other newspaper articles,[29][30][31] and denied by the Dublin college.[32]


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